The Human Development Report (HDR) 2010 has acknowledged Nepal as one of many prime ten performers in human improvement the world over. According to the report, Nepal has proven vital progress in areas of health and education by efficient public policy efforts. Making impressive progress in the non-revenue dimensions of Human Development Index (HDI), particularly in well being and schooling, in the last 40 years, Nepal has gained a position of one of many ‘high 10 movers’ in human development all the world over. Nepal is ranked third among the many one hundred thirty five international locations making progress in final 4 decades.
Although the implementation of free health service has eliminated the barriers for poor there are questions on its sustainability and high quality. There is a need of comprehensive health financing technique along with continuation of free health service since the program suffered heavily resulting from financial and human resource constraints. Though the declaration will be thought-about highly encouraging transfer by Government, there was insufficient preparation in managing the service. Thus, the efficient implementation of EHCS requires constructive donor support together with facilitative monitoring from CSOs and most people to make sure correct functioning of health services with availability of necessary equipments and enough human resources. There is a need for mixed and synergetic efforts from state in addition to non-state sector in enhancing accessibility, affordability and sufficiency of health care services to general public, particularly to vulnerable and marginalized neighborhood.
These are vital knowledge by policymakers to return up specific regulatory measure to both forestall or control the spread communicable and non-communicable ailments. As good example of health policy is the regulation and quarantine of illnesses equivalent to AID/HIV, SARS, Birds Flu, Salmonella contamination and different illnesses. The inspection and regulation by the Bureau of Food on the well being products and other canned items; the well being packages to scale back the prevalence of dengue, TB, malaria, rabies, most cancers, and skin diseases.
Limited and donor depended health financing: Health sector allocations rely closely on donor funds: round 42 % of the health sector budget is expected to be financed via donor sources in FY2010/eleven which includes five % of donor mortgage. Thirteen percent of recurrent bills are financed by way of donor funds. The larger donor dependency for reform programs has also raised query in sustaining reform initiatives since massive bulk of presidency budget goes to recurrent expenses.
Primarily, the economist may assist in the type of demand research and policy makers’ preferences to formulate specific health service coverage. In economics, the demand studies are conceptualized along the need of health providers for the people. It is oriented on the direct medical care given to poor sufferers within the hospital or clinic. The demand research are therefore given as well being data similar to on mortality fee, morbidity, fertility, the prevalence of illnesses and sicknesses, including Human Index Development (equivalent to life expectancy, vitamin consumption, and other well being associated variables).